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  • iron and steel making process

    iron and steel making process

    How is Steel Produced? World Coal Association

    worldcoal/coal/uses coal/how steel produced

    Iron making. Iron ore is mined in around 50 countries the largest producers are Australia, Brazil and China. Around 98% of iron ore is used in steel making. During the iron making process, a blast furnace is fed with the iron ore, coke and small quantities of fluxes (minerals, such as limestone, which are used to collect impurities).

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    The Making of Iron & Steel

    seaisi/file/The Making of Iron & Steel.pdf

    The BOS process uses pure oxygen, injected by a lance, for refining the relatively impure hot metal (and scrap is used for temperature control). The electric arc furnace uses primarily electrical energy to supply heat to melt scrap steel, sponge iron, or mixtures of scrap and other iron units. Compared to the BOS process, the EAF requires

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    Steps in the Modern Steelmaking Process

    thebalance/steel production 2340173

    May 16, 2019· Methods for manufacturing steel have evolved significantly since industrial production began in the late 19th century. Modern methods, however, are still based on the same premise as the original Bessemer Process, which uses oxygen to lower the carbon content in iron.

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    STEEL: From Start to Finish


    Aug 12, 2009· A narrated description of the steelmaking process. A narrated description of the steelmaking process. Skip navigation ... Steel Manufacturing Iron/Steel Making to Rolling Duration: 18:07 ...

    : Alliance for American ManufacturingContact US

    Iron processing Britannica

    britannica/technology/iron processing

    Iron processing: Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned. Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a relatively dense metal with

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    Creating Steel HowStuffWorks


    Another way to create steel from pig iron is the Bessemer process, which involves the oxidation of the impurities in the pig iron by blowing air through the molten iron in a Bessemer converter.The heat of oxidation raises the temperature and keeps the iron molten. As the air passes through the molten pig iron, impurities unite with the oxygen to form oxides.

    : Marshall Brain & Robert LambContact US



    Steelmaking is the process for producing steel from iron ore and scrap.In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon are removed from the sourced iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium and vanadium are added to produce different grades of steel.Limiting dissolved gases such as nitrogen and oxygen, and entrained impurities ...

    History of The Steel Industry · History · Modern processesContact US

    Basic oxygen steelmaking


    Basic oxygen steelmaking (BOS, BOP, BOF, or OSM), also known as LinzDonawitz steelmaking or the oxygen converter process is a method of primary steelmaking in which carbon rich molten pig iron is made into steel. Blowing oxygen through molten pig iron lowers the carbon content of the alloy and changes it into low carbon steel.

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